ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 57, (1) 22 - 27 (2013)


PHASE AND MORPHOLOGY FORMATION OF Na DOPED PMN THIN FILMS PREPARED BY MODIFIED SOL-GEL METHOD
 
Bruncková Helena, Medvecký Ľubomír, Ďurišin Juraj, Hvizdoš Pavol
 
Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic

Keywords: Sol-gel, PMN thin films, Pyrochlore, Perovskite phase
 

Na doped lead magnesium niobate Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (Na-PMN) thin films of 100 nm thickness were prepared by modified sol-gel route with niobium precursor. Na-PMN films were deposited from sol derived using tartaric acid modified polymerizable complex method by mixing of Nb-tartarate (Pechini) complex with Na, Pb and Mg acetates at 80oC with molar ratio of Na : Pb : Mg : Nb = 1/2 : 1 :1/3 : 2/3 on Pt/Al2O3 substrates by spin-coating method. In Na doped PMN film the perovskite Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 phase (65 vol. %) and a small amount of pyrochlore Na2Nb8O21 phase were revealed after sintering at 650oC. In the microstructure of 2-layered Na-PMN/Pt/Al2O3 thin film, with ~9.5 nm of roughness, the bimodal particle distribution was observed with small spherical particles of pyrochlore phase and larger sponge-like particles of the perovskite phase. The smallest visible spherical particles (~30 nm) and mutually interconected particles (~125 nm) were found in TEM and AFM micrographs.


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