ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 57, (1) 74 - 81 (2013)

Krajči Ľudovít 1, Janotka Ivan 1,2, Puertas Francisca 3, Palacios Marta 4, Kuliffayová Marta 1
1 Institute of Construction and Architecture, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 03 Bratislava, Slovakia
2 Building Testing and Research Institute, Studená 3, 821 04 Bratislava, Slovakia
3 Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Sciences, IETcc-CSIC, Serrano Galvache 4, 280 33 Madrid, Spain
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich, Institute of Building Materials, Schafmattstraße 6, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland

Keywords: Kaolin sand, Metakaolin, Phase composition, Pore structure, Cement paste

The optimal temperature transformation of kaolin sand to metakaolin sand (MKS) resulting in complete conversion of kaolinite to pozzolanic active metakaolinite (MK) is 650oC in the time of 1 hour. To obtain information on mechanism of pozzolanic reaction in studied binary system, the cement pastes with two MKS at substitution level of Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) with MKS by 10, 20 and 40 wt. % corresponding to 3.6 - 16.0 % MK content in pastes, were tested. Pozzolanic reaction of MK with hydrating OPC was clearly confirmed mainly by XRD and thermal analyses. This process accompanied with gradual reduction of Ca(OH)2 content was the most intense in pastes with the highest MK contents (14.4 and 16.0 %). The decrease of micropore and total pore volume until MK content in paste of 7.2 % is measure of pore structure improvement specified as pore structure refinement. Until MK content of 8.0 % in paste, micropores portion with pore radius less than 10 nm rises and pore radius in the range between 10 and 100 nm declines. Resulted compressive strengths of related cement pastes with various MK content were comparable with strengths of pastes without MK. The obtained results confirmed that MKS can be used as promising additive in OPC to form prospective blended cements.

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