ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 56, (2) 139 - 144 (2012)


THERMODYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF Ca3Co3.93+xO9+δ CERAMICS
 
Jankovský O. 1, Sedmidubský D. 1, Sofer Z. 1, Šimek P. 1, Hejtmanek J. 2
 
1 Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 5, Prague, Czech Republic
2 Institute of Physics, ASCR, v.v.i., Curkovarnicka 10, Prague, Czech Republic

Keywords: Misfit cobaltites, Thermoelectric materials, Heat capacity, Thermodynamic properties, Debye-Einstein model, Phase equlibria
 

Based on the results of differential thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogavimetric analysis, low temperature calorimetry and X-Ray powder diffraction of equilibrated samples as well as on the assessed thermodynamic data phase a section of the Ca–Co–O diagram for pO2 = 0.21 was calculated using the FactSage software. Among the involved phases the misfit cobaltite Ca3Co3.93+xO9+δ is well known for its distinctive thermoelectric properties. As shown by our experiments and reproduced by the proposed thermodynamic model the Ca3Co3.93+xO9+δ phase actually exhibits a narrow homogeneity range with respect to cation composition. The primary focus was put on the heat capacity of Ca3Co3.93O9+δ collected in a broad temperature range and analyzed in terms of a combined Debye - Einstein model. This made it possible to separate two peaks detected at ~ 400 K and ~ 840 K and to evaluate the corresponding entropy and enthalpy changes. The second effect was interpreted as a spin transition from intermediate state to high state.


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