ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 61, (4) 285 - 292 (2017)

Rambaldi Elisa 1, Lucchese Beatrice 2, Bignozzi Maria Chiara 2 , 1
1 Centro Ceramico, via Martelli 26, Bologna, Italy
2 Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, via Terracini 28, Bologna, Italy

Keywords: Porcelain stoneware tiles, Lapping, Stain proofing agent, Dirt resistance

Since the arrival of lapped porcelain stoneware tiles on the market, several studies have been focused on the improvement of the technical characteristics of the surfaces of these products. Surface lapping induces aesthetical improvements, but can at the same time deteriorate the performance of porcelain stoneware tiles. To overcome this problem, it is possible to protect the lapped surface with commercial waterproofing materials. In this work, lapped commercial porcelain stoneware tiles with protective stain proofing agents (FILA PD15 and FILA 1239 Plus) were evaluated. The stain resistance and chemical resistance results were correlated to the morphological surface characteristics of the products with and without protection. A systematic study of the surface porosity of the tiles was carried out. Results showed that unprotected surface pores tend to fill with dirt that is hardly removable by ordinary maintenance. If the pores are protected, the dirt from foot traffic is deposited only superficially and can be removed.

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doi: 10.13168/cs.2017.0027
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