ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 58, (3) 215 - 222 (2014)


ROLE OF THE SYNTHESIS METHOD ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF METAKAOLIN-BASED POTASSIUM GEOPOLYMERS
 
Gao Xiaoxiao 1, Joussein Emmanuel 2, Michaud Philippe 1, Rossignol Sylvie 1
 
1 Groupe d Etude des Matériaux Hétérogenes (GEMH-ENSCI) Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Céramique Industrielle, 12 rue Atlantis, 87068 Limoges Cedex, France
2 Université de Limoges, GRESE EA 4330, 123 avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges, France

Keywords: Temperature effect, Curing condition, Compressive strength, Alkaline solution, Microstructure, Synthesis methodology
 

The synthesis method used has an important effect on the development of the compressive strength of a material. This work aims to research the effect of synthesis temperature (30oC and 70oC), curing condition (dried and sealed curing) and alkaline solutions (Sc commercial alkaline solution and Sl laboratory alkaline solution) on the development of compressive strength. The microstructure of these geopolymers was characterized using thermal analysis as well as porosity and microscopic observations, and the results were discussed. The total porosity was found to play a negative role on the compressive strength. Synthesis at a lower temperature demonstrated a better compressive strength due to the lower porosity and smaller pore sizes. The Sl geopolymers showed a better compressive strength than the Sc geopolymers due to their lower porosity. It was also found that the reaction was hindered when the samples were cured under a dried curing condition.


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