ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 62, (3) 248 - 252 (2018)

Yu FangLi 1, Xie Hui 1, Bai Yu 2, Xu FengHua 3 , Han PengDei 3, Tian Liang 3, Ni Shu 4
1 School of Materials Engineering, Xi'an Aeronautical University, Xi'an, 710077, China
2 State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China
3 School of Materials Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224051, China
4 Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Twente, AE Enschede, 7500NB, the Netherlands

Keywords: Porous silicon nitride, Unidirectionally aligned channels, Extrusion, Fibers; Strength, Gas permeability

Porous silicon nitride (Si₃N₄) ceramics with highly ordered and unidirectionally aligned channels were fabricated by the extrusion method using nylon fibers as the pore forming agent. The microstructure, mechanical properties and gas permeability were investigated. The results showed that the added nylon fibers were mostly converted to pores, the average observed pore diameter was approximately 19.5 μm and shrank about 22% from the size of original pore former (25 μm) during sintering. The porosity and gas permeability increased and the 3-point bending strength decreased proportionally with increasing the nylon fiber content. When the nylon fiber content increased to 20 wt. %, the porosity, bending strength and gas permeability of the extrusion samples with uni-directionally aligned pores was higher than that of non-extruded sample with random pores. For the extruded samples, the resulting porous silicon nitride ceramics showed a high gas permeability owing to their uni-directionally pore oriented structure.

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doi: 10.13168/cs.2018.0018
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