ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 58, (4) 320 - 325 (2014)

Teh Y. C. 1, Tan C. Y. 1, Ramesh S. 1, Purbolaksono J. 1, Tan Y. M. 1, Chandran Hari 2, Teng W. D. 3, Yap B. K. 4
1 Centre for Advance Manufacturing and Materials Processing, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Division of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
3 Ceramics Technology Group, SIRIM Berhad, Shah Alam 40911, Malaysia
4 Department of Electronics and Communication, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Km-7, Jalan Ikram-UNITEN, 43009 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

Keywords: Hydroxyapatite, Calcination, Powder Morphology, Sintering

In this study, a wet chemically produced hydroxyapatite (HA) powder was subjected to calcination at 700, 800, 900 and 1000oC. Subsequently, the sintering behaviour of these calcined powders was studied at various temperatures, ranging from 1050 to 1350oC. XRD results revealed that calcination has no effect on the phase stability of hydroxyapatite. However, the XRD peaks showed that the crystallinity of the powder increased with increasing calcination temperature. The specific surface area of powder reduced drastically from 60.74 m2 ∙g-1 to 9.45 m2 ∙g-1 with increasing calcination temperature. The SEM micrographs of calcined powder showed the coarsening of powder particles as the calcination temperature was increased. In terms of sinterability, the uncalcined HA powder sintered at 1150oC was found to possess the optimum properties with the following values being recorded: ~ 99 % relative density, Vickers hardness of 7.23 GPa and fracture toughness of 1.12 MPa∙m1/2. The present research indicated that calcination of the HA powder prior to sintering has a negligible effect on the sintering behaviour of the HA compacts and that calcination at 1000oC was found to be unfavourable to the properties of sintered HA.

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