ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 65, (1) 83 - 89 (2021)

Rodríguez-García José 1, Rocha-Rangel Enrique 1, Calles-Arriaga Carlos 1, Refugio-García Elizabeth 2, López-García Ricardo 3, Maldonado Reyes Araceli 3
1 Universidad Politécnica de Victoria, Av. Nuevas Tecnologías 5902, Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Tamaulipas, Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, México, 87138.
2 Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa Tamaulipas, CDMX, México, 02200.
3 Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria, Blvd. Emilio Portes Gil No. 1301 Pte. Cd. Victoria Tamps., México, 87010.

Keywords: Composites, Mechanical properties, Microstructure, Structural characterization

In this study, Al₂O₃-based composites strengthened with Ti were manufactured. High-energy milling was used to mix and grind the raw materials (450rpm during 40min). These powders were compacted (300MPa) into cylindrical samples and sintered at 1500 °C for 2h. Scanning electron microscopy observations show dense, fine and homogeneous microstructures, with a uniform distribution of metal particles throughout the ceramic matrix. A significant effect on the composite micro-hardness can be observed (as the titanium percentage is increased, micro-hardness is also increased). In other words, composites have a significant surface hardness, which diminishes towards the center of the piece. This attribute is highly useful for solid elements exposed to extreme strain and shearing conditions since hardness allows withstanding wear, corrosion, and friction, but the soft center allows withstanding vertical loads in the piece cross section. The fracture toughness, estimated by the indentation fracture method, showed that the manufactured composites here present higher values up to 100% than the control sample’s average (0.0% Ti). Hence, it can be inferred that titanium particles in a ceramic matrix can disperse the energy of cracks spreading.22

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doi: 10.13168/cs.2021.0005
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