ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty


MECHANICAL PERFORMANCE OF TEXTILE REINFORCED CONCRETE CONTAINING STEEL FIBERS AND BASALT FIBERS SUBJECTED TO HIGH TEMPERATURES
 
Xu Ping 1, Cui Yuhao 1, Dai Junfeng 2, Wang Shuren 1, Zhang Minxia 1, Hou Zhenguo 2
 
1 School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, Hennan, 454003, China
2 China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp. Ltd., Zhengzhou, Hennan, 450004, China

Keywords: Textile reinforced concrete, Alumina cement, High-temperature resistance, Basalt fiber, Steel fiber
 

Textile reinforced concrete (TRC) was prepared from high-alumina cement mixed with short-cut basalt fiber or steel fiber for the objective to analyze the mechanical performance and deterioration mechanism at high temperature. The results show that the high-temperature resistance of TRC matrix concrete can be improved by adding steel fibers and basalt fibers, but the compressive strength of concrete decreases with the increase of temperature in a quadratic parabolic law, while the flexural strength decreases in a linear law. The addition of basalt fiber significantly improves the bending bearing capacity of the TRC plates. In comparison, the addition of steel fiber significantly improves the flexural strength of TRC thin-plates above 600°C. The scanning electron microscopy indicates that when the temperature surpasses 600°C, the addition of basalt fiber and the steel fiber surface are significantly damaged by high-temperature deterioration. The deterioration of the mechanical performance of TRC thin-plates at high temperatures is caused mainly by changes in the chemical composition of the concrete matrix, deterioration of the fiber and damage of the bonding surface. The results obtained in this study can provide the theoretical support for the design and application of TRC in a high-temperature environment.


doi: 10.13168/cs.2021.0027
 
 
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