ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 57, (2) 87 - 91 (2013)

Gorea M. 1, Naghiu M-A. 1, Tomoaia-Cotisel M. 1, Borodi G. 2
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, “Babeş-Bolyai” University, Arany Janos Str. no. 11, RO-400028, Cluj Napoca, Romania
2 National Institute for R&D of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath Str., RO- 400293, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Keywords: Forsterite, Nano and micro powders, Bioactivity

Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) powder has been synthesized from talc (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2) and magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) by applying solid state reactions method. The raw materials mixture has been milled for 10 hours until nano powders have been obtained. This mixture was then thermally treated at various temperatures. The synthesized material was structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction. Forsterite represented the main crystalline phase in the samples fired to 1100 and 1200oC, while at 1000oC small amounts of enstatite and periclase were still identified. The particles size and morphology were investigated by TEM, SEM and AFM, and the grain size distribution with a Counter Coulter-type laser granulometer. A ratio of 75 % of the particles in the samples fired to 1000, and respectively 1100oC were less than 25 nm, while the maximum size was 42 nm. For the samples fired at 1200oC, most of the particles (74 %) were larger, about 6.8 μm, with a maximum of 70 μm. In order to evaluate its bioactivity, we have immersed the forsterite powder into simulating body fluids (SBF). Following 28 days of experiment, the FTIR spectra collected on the forsterite nanopowder contained the specific hydroxylapatite bands, while in the case of the micro powder these bands are hardly visible.

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