ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 66, (2) 228 - 235 (2022)

Kočí Jan 1, Hamáček Jiří 1, Kutzendörfer Jaroslav 1, Berka Jan 2, 3, Hlinčík Tomáš 2
1 Department of Glass and Ceramics, University of Chemistry and Technology, Technická 5, 1666 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
2 Department of Gaseous and Solid Fuels and Air Protection, University of Chemistry and Technology, Technická 5, 1666 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
3 Research Centre Rez Ltd., Hlavní 130, 2568 Husinec-Rez, Czech Republic

Keywords: High-Temperature Ceramics, Mullite Ceramics, Helium, Nitrogen

The effect of long-term exposure to a high-temperature gas atmosphere on the stability of ceramic materials has been investigated. Material samples based on ZrO₂ (Zr85, Zr95), Al₂O₃ (Al100), Al₂O₃-SiO₂ (Al63, Al70, Al76, Al96) and SiC (Si100) were exposed to an atmosphere of dry helium and nitrogen (the dew point of water was approximately −70 °C) at a temperature of 900 °C for 1000 hours. Bending-strength tests at 20 °C and Hot modulus of rupture (HMOR) tests at 900 °C were performed on the exposed and unexposed samples. In addition, the chemical composition of the materials tested and their criteria of relative density, i.e., bulk density, apparent porosity and water absorption, were determined together with their changes after the material exposure. The most pronounced change in the bending strength at 20 °C was observed after the Zr95 exposure to nitrogen, with an increase of up to approximately 25 % from the initial state. At 900 °C, the bending strength increased by about 15–20 % for Zr95 and Zr85 after exposure to helium and nitrogen. On the other hand, when Al63 was exposed to helium and nitrogen at 900 °C, its bending strength decreased. There were no substantial changes in the bending strength of the other materials tested after the exposure. Also, the exposure did not have a significant effect on the change in the criteria of relative density or chemical composition of any of the tested materials. Keywords: high-temperature ceramics; mullite ceramics; helium; nitrogen

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doi: 10.13168/cs.2022.0017
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