ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 66, (2) 245 - 254 (2022)


EFFECTS OF BORIC ACID DOSAGE AND REACTION TEMPERATURE ON THE PHASE COMPOSITION AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF Si C-B₄C COMPOSITE POWDERS SYNTHESISED BY THE CARBOTHERMAL REDUCTION METHOD
 
He Jinxiu, Hu Jilin, Chen Bo, Deng Ruyi, Lei Dapeng
 
Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Fine Ceramics and Powder Materials, School of Materials and Environmental Engineering, Hunan University of Humanities, Science and Technology, Loudi 417000, China

Keywords: Reaction temperature, Boric acid dosage, Carbothermal reduction method, Synthesis, SiC-B4C, Composite powders
 

SiC-B₄C composite powders were synthesised by the carbothermal reduction method under argon atmosphere by using boric acid, silica sol, and flake graphite as the raw materials. The effects of the boric acid dosage and reaction temperature on the phase composition and microstructure of the synthesised SiC-B₄C composite powders were studied, and the synthesis mechanism of these powders were discussed. The results show that the suitable reaction conditions for synthesising the SiC–B₄C composite powders were kept at 1500 °C and 1550 °C for 2 h when the amounts of excess boric acid were 0 wt.%–20 wt.% and 30 wt.%, respectively. The microscopic morphology of the SiC-B₄C powder samples with a 0 wt.%–20 wt.% excess of boric acid calcined at 1500 °C for 2 h was mainly composed of flake particles, short rod-shaped particles, and a small amount of approximately spherical particles. The powder samples calcined at 1500 °C for 2 h generated not only irregular polygonal structure particles, but also a small amount of long rod-shaped particles and fibrous whiskers when the amount of excess boric acid was 30 wt.%.


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doi: 10.13168/cs.2022.0019
 
 
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