ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 56, (3) 269 - 279 (2012)


PREPARATION OF MORTARS FOR RESTORATION OF ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS
 
Tribulová Tereza, Kotlík Petr
 
Department of Chemical Technology of Monument Conservation, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague, Czech Republic

Keywords: Historical plasters, Renovation, Compressive strength, Porosity, Crystallization of salts
 

Mortar mixtures were prepared considering the microscopic observation, granulometric analysis, mercury porosimetry, XRD analysis, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis of the original plaster. Two series of lime mortar samples containing identical mixture of aggregates and admixtures but varying in the kind of a lime binder were prepared. In addition, the sample series varied in the ratio between mixing aggregate and binder. Prepared test bodies were subjected to accelerated carbonation process. Carbonated samples were characterized by the measurement of compressive strength, open porosity, water absorption and resistance to salt crystallization. The samples were also again compared with the original plaster by optical microscopy and XRD analysis. Based on the results of analyses of the original plasters and prepared samples of repair mortar the sample containing lime slurry with the mixture of aggregates in the mixing ratio of 1 : 2 was recommended for the restoration procedure.


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