ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 54, (2) 176 - 181 (2010)


HYDROTHERMAL DEGRADATION OF CERAMIC MATERIALS ON THE NATURAL RAW MATERIALS BASE

Part 2: Structural changes

 
Pešová Andrea, Andertová Jana, Gedeon Ondřej
 
Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Department of Glass and Ceramics Technicka 5, 16628 Prague, Czech Republic

Keywords: Clay raw materials, Ceramics, Hydrothermal exposure, Infrared spectroscopy
 

In this paper is dealt with ageing of ceramics, particularly with structural changes of ceramic materials on the base of natural materials after hydrothermal exposure. Identified structural changes are correlated with physical changes expressed as relative deformation. It is assumed deformation of fired clay-based materials is governed by the rehydroxylation of kaolinite, namely via inner and outer OH-groups, present in clay minerals. Samples from mixtures of clay minerals and calcite and/ or dolomite, and from fine kaolinitic clay were prepared. Structural changes during hydrothermal exposures were evaluated by the means of infrared spectroscopy. ²⁷Al MAS nuclear magnetic resonance was also used for confirmation of change of bonds. Correlation between relative deformation and amount of the specific OH bonds in rehydrated samples was confirmed.


PDF (0.6 MB)
 
Licence Creative Commons © 2015 - 2021
Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics of the CAS & University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
Webmaster | Journal Contact