ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 49, (1) 13 - 18 (2005)

Kim Myoung-Sup 1, Lee Joon-Hyung 1, Kim Jeong-Joo 1, Lee Hee Young 2, Cho Sang-Hee 1
1 Department of Inorganic Materials Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea
2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 712-749, Korea

Keywords: Ferroelectrics, Composite, BNN-BT, Sintering, Dielectric characteristics

Phase development and sintering behavior and dielectric characteristics of the composites of tungsten bronze structured Ba₂NaNb₅O₁₅ (BNN) and perovskite structured BaTiO₃ (BT) were examined as a function of molar ratio x in (1-x)Ba₂NaNb₅O₁₅- -xBaTiO₃. A wide range of solid solution of BT in BNN was observed up to x=0.4~0.6, and the lattice constants increased with BT contents. Since the solid solution of BT expelled Na ions from BNN, liquid phase with excess Na might be produced during sintering and resulted in accelerated densification and abnormal grain growth. More BT addition in BNN over the solubility limit produced a second phase of Ba₆Ti₇Nb₉O₄₀ together with BT, and those phases played a role as grain growth inhibitors. The Curie temperature (TC) and the maximum dielectric constant of BNN decreased as the content of BT increased. Besides, when BNN is added to BT, the solubility limit of BNN in BT was very narrow compared to the case of BT addition to BNN, which resulted in the generation of Ba₆Ti₇Nb₉O₄₀ second phase. The addition of BT to BNN also shifted the TC to lower temperature. In the case of x=0.6, two dielectric relaxation peaks were observed which is believed due to the coexistence of BNN and BT in the sample.

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