ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 59, (2) 149 - 157 (2015)

Kamal H. 1,2, Hezma A. M. 3
1 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
2 Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Al Jouf University Al Qurayyat, Saudi Arabia
3 Spectroscopy Department, National Research Center, 12311, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

Keywords: Hydroxyapatite, Crystallinity index, Nanoparticles and magnetic Hydroxyapatite

Pure, Mn²⁺, and Fe#179;⁺-doped hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanoparticles were synthesized by the wet chemical method. Another two samples were prepared by mixing Mn2+ with Cu²⁺ into HAp (Mn-Cu HAp) and Fe3+ with Co²⁺ into HAp (Fe-Co HAp). All samples were prepared without change in the stoichiometric ratio of Ca/P inside the structure of HAp. Samples were characterized by different types of techniques such as XRD, FTIR, ESR, SEM and EDX. The measurements revealed that a typical HAp powder patterns were obtained. Comparing with pure HAp, Mn²⁺ substituted HAp (Mn-HAp) and Fe³⁺ substituted HAp (Fe-HAp) did not demonstrate significant structure deviation. Since the ion exchange mechanism was achieved for the preparation process, the morphology and particle size were not significantly affected but the calculated crystallinty index (CI) values were affected. The absorption spectra of the doped samples are presented as absorption bands a typical Mn²⁺, and Fe³⁺ occupying to different crystalline sites. The obtained data agrees well with that obtained from XRD. The crystal field parameters and crystallinty index for sites of these ions in the HAp matrix were calculated. SEM analysis indicated that nanoparticles aggregates were formed. EPR properties make the studied sample to be used in the field of hyperthermia application.

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