ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 47, (3) 116 - 119 (2003)


THE EFFECT OF THE PbO ADDITION ON THE SINTERING OF ZnO
 
Toplan H. Özkan 1, Erkalfa Hilkat 2, Özkan Osman T. 3
 
1 The University of Sakarya, Engineering Faculty, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Department, Esentepe Campus, Adapazari, Turkey
2 TUBITAK, Marmara Research Centre, MCRI, PO Box 21, Gebze, Turkey
3 Istanbul University, Engineering Faculty, Avcilar-Istanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Densification, Liquid Phase Sintering, ZnO grain growth
 

The microstructural evolution and densification for the ZnO-PbO system were studied. Specimens were prepared by the mixed oxide route, and sintered at temperatures in the range of 1000-1300°C. The bulk densities of the PbO-added ZnO samples increased from 1000 to 1100°C. In sinterings above 1100°C, the bulk density was decreased almost linearly due to lead oxide evaporation except in 2.5 mol% PbO-added ZnO samples. The ZnO-PbO ceramics have a two phase microstructure comprising ZnO grains and a Pb-rich phase at the grain boundaries. The average grain size of ZnO increases with the PbO addition up to 7.5 mol% PbO addition but, the excess PbO addition decreases the grain size. This is due to the change in the grain growth mechanism from the solution precipitation in the liquid-phase to that of an ion diffusion mechanism in a thicker layer of liquid.


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