ISSN 0862-5468 (Print), ISSN 1804-5847 (online) 

Ceramics-Silikáty 42, (1) 21 - 24 (1998)

Stubna Igor 1, Trnovcová Viera 2
1 University of Trenčín, Department of Physics, Študentská 3, 911 50 Trenčín, Slovak Republic
2 Institute of Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská 9, 842 28 Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Thermodilatometry of ceramic samples prepared from the mixture of 50 wt.% kaolin, 25 wt.% feldspar and 25 wt.% quartz was studied in the temperature range of 20 - 1000 °C. The samples were cut from the surface layer of the extruded ceramic cylindrical body. The X-ray structural analysis showed that the basal planes of the kaolinite crystals in the samples are predominantly parallel with the direction of extrusion. The shrinkage of the samples which was observed is caused by: 1. evaporating the capillary water (20 - 200 °C), 2. escaping of the OH groups from the octahedrical sheets of the kaolinite crystals (430 - 750 °C), 3. high-temperature changes of metakaolinite (above 850 °C). The shrinkage should be bigger in the perpendicular direction to the basal planes. This assumption is confirmed in these temperature ranges except the region of dehydroxylation. To explain this result, the extension of the kaolinite crystals and blocks of these crystals by steam passing along the octahedral sheets and crystal boundaries was supposed.

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